Is the Long Island Medium SCRIPTED? Caution! What You Must Know About Psychics on TV

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How accurate are the readings on the Long Island Medium? Do they truly reflect the reality of the readings done, or are they edited to look or appear better than they really are? And are ANY of the TV programs that feature live mediums a good way of gauging how accurate they truly are….or do you need to go and see the psychic in person to know for sure? In this article we take a closer look at both the Long Island Medium TV show, and the truth about how many psychic TV programs (and other reality shows) are produced for the masses. Curious to know more? Continue reading as we take a closer look below!

But first… understand this to be true, because it is:

The psychic featured on the show, Theresa Caputo, has had a long history of offering some amazing readings in some pretty public places, WELL before she became well known, famous and a household name based on the TV show. As a matter of fact, as someone who publishes lots of information in the psychic “space”, I heard her on the radio many times when she was a relative unknown Long Island psychic medium, and her live appearances on the “Forever Family Foundations” website (a non profit organization that offers help to grieving families who have lost a loved one) always intrigued me as as result of her accuracy.

So she had already demonstrated a level of psychic ability beyond the average, even for professional mediums, and this certainly contributed to her appeal and rapid growth in psychic stature and popularity.

Next, understand THIS to be true as well… because it is!

TV is a very difficult medium (no pun intended!) to judge when it comes to “reality” of any kind. You have to remember that the people who push and publish these programs are about the 3 critical bottom line metrics for successful television – viewers, advertisers and dollars. They aren’t interested in how accurate (or honest) the readings are, nor are they concerned if editing the readings Ms. Caputo offers are done in a way that satisfies psychic believers OR skeptics.

They want viewers, plain and simple. And it’s NO secret that the more “unbelievably impressive” the readings are, the more viewers will tune in. So my feeling is always to watch these sorts of shows with a little bit of a skeptical eye, simply because unless you see an entire reading in an unedited fashion, it’s difficult to really judge how accurate it really was.

(I certainly don’t believe anyone “cheats” in any deliberate way, but to omit “misses” and only include the “hits” would certainly be something I’d expect, just because it makes for better TV)

Speaking with John Edward a while back in a small group setting…

He said the real reason he wouldn’t go back on TV when asked, was that he did NOT want to do a “reality based” show on his life, and simply wanted to give readings for an audience in front of a crowd or small group. According to his remarks, the TV executives didn’t think that made for the type of TV most people want to see these days, and are equally as interested in the back story, as they are in the actual psychic readings. (which seems to be the case with most reality TV programming these days… at least the popular shows we all know)

So what does that mean overall?

I say, keep an open mind, but always know that what you are watching is edited. Not necessarily in a bad way…..but any sort of editing, if you are a psychic “snob” like me, changes something about how seriously I can take the information that comes through. But for entertainment purposes…the Long Island Medium is A LOT of fun, and having seen Theresa Caputo do all sorts of other interviews as well, I think she deserves the success, too!

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The Main Areas Of Payday Loans

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Even if you could carefully finances your hard earned dollars and then try to help save up, at times there can be an unexpected incident that needs cash swiftly. Regardless of whether any sort of accident occurs or even your bill is quite a bit beyond regular, you will never know when this can occur. Read this article for tips about utilizing payday loans wisely.

Take into account that the standard payback time for payday cash loans is around 14 days. If you fail to pay your loan away from by its due time, there can be available options. A loan company may supply the choice to roll more than or expand obligations but you can find extra fees to carrying out that.

Determine what APR implies prior to agreeing to a pay day loan. APR, or twelve-monthly proportion price, is the amount of curiosity that this organization expenses in the bank loan while you are spending it back. Even though online payday loans are quick and convenient, assess their APRs with all the APR incurred from a banking institution or your credit card organization. Almost certainly, the payday loan’s APR will probably be better. Question exactly what the payday loan’s interest is initially, prior to making a decision to borrow money.

Should you be during this process of securing a payday loan, be certain to browse the agreement meticulously, searching for any invisible service fees or significant pay out-back information. Tend not to indicator the agreement up until you completely grasp everything. Try to find red flags, like large costs if you go per day or more across the loan’s because of day. You could potentially wind up spending far more than the original loan amount.

One way to make sure that you are receiving a payday loan from a trustworthy loan company is usually to search for evaluations for various payday loan organizations. Performing this should help you separate legitimate loan companies from ripoffs which are just trying to rob your hard earned money. Ensure you do adequate research.

Take note of your settlement due dates. Once you have the cash advance, you will have to spend it back, or at best produce a transaction. Even if you neglect every time a repayment particular date is, the business will make an effort to drawback the exact amount from the banking account. Listing the days will assist you to bear in mind, allowing you to have no difficulties with your bank.

Generally estimate the curiosity and service fees to understand how much the loan will in reality cost in the end. Borrowers often need to pay massive amounts of interest on payday loans. Nevertheless, some also fee silly management service fees. These management charges often are hidden in small produce.

Usually do not help make your payday advance repayments late. They are going to document your delinquencies on the credit score bureau. This can badly effect your credit rating and make it even more difficult to take out conventional financial loans. If you have question you could repay it after it is expected, will not borrow it. Discover another method to get the money you require.

Online payday loans recently come to be very popular. There are actually numerous options, so it will be a wise thought to compare and contrast prices and terms from 4 or 5 different lenders prior to, you choose the loan. Read through all of the disclosures for every single personal loan that, you are thinking about. Ensure that you obviously know the rates, and then any costs which will be charged.

Anything you need to keep in mind to look into when you’re receiving any kind of cash advance is that if the person supplying you with it is licensed inside the condition you’re in. Each and every express has their very own regulations and licensing. Your financial institution has to be licensed so that you can work at your residence condition.

Look at the Better business bureau standing up of payday advance businesses. There are some reputable businesses out there, but there are several other individuals which can be under reputable. By studying their ranking with the Greater Enterprise Bureau, you happen to be providing on your own self-confidence that you are working with with one of the honourable kinds around.

Comprehend the law. Picture you practice out a payday loan to get paid back with by the next shell out time. Should you not spend the money for personal loan back again on time, the loan originator can use the verify you used as equity no matter if you will have the funds in your bank account or otherwise not. Outside your bounced examine costs, there are suggests where the loan company can state thrice the amount of your unique examine.

Need an open communication route with your loan provider. When your cash advance loan company makes it seem extremely hard to go over the loan using a people, you may then be in a bad company offer. Good firms don’t run in this manner. They have got an open type of interaction where you may ask questions, and receive feedback.

Hopefully you know the professionals plus the downsides with regards to payday loans so you’re able to make a solid decision when considering one. As stated before, becoming strapped for money is not uncommon. Once you learn what is on the market to suit your needs, you may make a great choice on what to do about this.

Digital Media Players

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In this growing world, technology is growing at a super speed and the media player is becoming the most important alternative of using information and storing with CD players and computers. You will find that these players must be available in every household item. The strong advantages of these devices are convenience, people can store a large amount of information right in their hands.

Modern people have stronger interest in the latest technology because they usually have disposable cash in their hands. Educated and young customers should buy these products with wisdom. It’s important to make comparisons between different types of devices and choose the device that meets the individual customer’s needs.

People can use these players are used for playing songs such as audios and videos and to store information. In CD players you can store as much as 30 songs and no more, and you have to change the CD every 20 to 30 songs in the CD player, so it’s better to go and choose digital player. On the other hand, digital media player can hold thousands of music files at one time and play them. The number of songs really depends on the amount of memory space available on the device.

The more gigabits the digital media player holds, the higher the price. The digital player can have 2gb, 4gb and 8gb that can hold songs somewhere between 300, 800 and 1500 etc. And you can store at least 10 hours of video space in 4gb player. Some people want to play all types of files and on the other hand, some people remain stuck to certain types of files. As compared to mp3 device the mp4 device is relatively new one. The new name means the next version of digital media player.

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Some Tips For Getting The Most From A Payday Advance

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When you have undertaken a cash advance, it is to your advantage to cover it back rapidly. Furthermore, you likely don’t want to get another financial loan unless of course it’s absolutely needed. You might simply want to study them in order to make the most efficient selection. Either way, exploring the beneath report can help you get the best achievable decisions you can with regards to payday cash loans.

When you are getting your first payday advance, request a low cost. Most pay day loan offices give you a payment or price lower price for very first-time borrowers. If the location you would like to obtain from will not provide a lower price, contact around. If you realise a discount elsewhere, the borrowed funds location, you wish to visit will probably complement it to get your small business.

Should you be in the process of getting a cash advance, make sure you browse the deal cautiously, looking for any hidden costs or important spend-rear information. Do not indicator the deal before you understand fully everything. Seek out red flags, for example huge costs in the event you go every day or higher over the loan’s due day. You can wind up spending far more than the original loan amount.

Examine charges from numerous payday lenders before deciding in one. Some creditors can have greater rates of interest as opposed to others and also be more reputable. Some may present you with money, while others gives you a card or straight put in the amount of money to your profile. By doing all of your investigation upfront, you make sure that you opt for the lender that fits your needs.

In no way use a pay day loan with the exception of an intense unexpected emergency. These personal loans can capture you within a period that may be tough to get rid of. You can expect to decrease your income and lenders will endeavour to capture you into having to pay substantial fees and penalties.

Numerous pay day loan lenders will advertise that they may not decline the application because of your credit rating. Often times, this can be proper. Nonetheless, make sure you look at the quantity of interest, these are recharging you. The rates of interest will be different as outlined by your credit rating. If your credit ranking is poor, prepare yourself for a better interest rate.

Just before getting a payday advance, it is crucial that you find out in the different kinds of offered which means you know, which are the most effective for you. Particular pay day loans have various guidelines or demands as opposed to others, so look on the web to find out which one suits you.

Just before looking for a payday advance, you may want to take a look at additional options. Even when you are acquiring cash advancements with credit cards, you are going to save money over a payday advance. Question relatives and buddies for a financial loan alternatively.

Watch out for rip-off organizations when considering receiving payday cash loans. Some businesses use dishonest practices to grab your challenging-earned funds. When studying a definite loan provider, see if the Better Business Bureau has any relevant info.

When you are having difficulty repaying a money advance financial loan, go to the business that you loaned the cash and strive to discuss an extension. It may be appealing to publish a examine, looking to beat it for the banking institution along with your next salary, but remember that you will not only be billed more attention on the authentic financial loan, but costs for inadequate financial institution funds could add up easily, getting you beneath far more fiscal pressure.

Some businesses that offer you online payday loans are members of, and therefore are rated by, the greater Organization Bureau. Seek advice from the Better business bureau for registered grievances by using a service provider before you sign that loan offer from them. When you learn any complaints, then you definitely should probably seek out an additional firm. If you find not one, then it’s most likely safe for use them.

Check the express in which the financial institution resides in. The laws that regulate quick-term lending options fluctuate commonly between states. Unethical lenders will operate in areas where the regulations usually are not so stringent. Once you are aware of the lender’s status, investigation that state’s loaning laws.

It is actually hoped how the info you possess read will give you a perception about whether or not to get a pay day loan. Ensure that you take into account all you have acquired and do not acquire any of this data softly. Also, make certain you do more investigation, if necessary.

Watching TV Shows Online – P2PTV vs Streaming

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If you want to watch TV shows online there is more than one way to do it. Peer to Peer TV (P2PTV) and streaming media remain the two most popular choices. This article will talk, in simple terms, about the advantages and disadvantages of the two protocols.

1. Peer to Peer TV, better known as P2PTV.

This is the newest kid on the block and a lot people are taking notice of P2PTV. How can you not notice it, when the makers of Skype have taken this on as their next project? Joostt is just one of the players in and increasingly competitive field. P2PTV works on the same principles as BitTorrent. The big difference is that P2PTV does not take packets of data in a random order. Instead P2PTV picks up all of the parts in sequence. What this means, for the viewer, is that you are able to watch the show as you download. You then share the information along to the next person or people watching the program, seeding as you would for a normal torrent.

Advantages:

– You can watch high quality shows using P2PTV, just the same as you can with BitTorrent.

– There are legal networks available.

– The technology is improving constantly, and a lot of money is being poured into P2PTV.

Disadvantages:

– There is one great disadvantage to P2PTV, and that is that it does use similar protocols as BitTorrent. With that in mind, if your ISP shapes torrent traffic in any way at all, or it is blocked by a school or college network, then you may no be able to use P2PTV.

2. Online streaming   TV   media .

Online streaming media has been around for years. You have most probably come across online media streaming in your travels across the Internet. The way streaming media works is similar to the way normal HTTP traffic works. It’s called Real Time Streaming Protocol or RTSP. As a type of traffic on the Internet it is virtually invisible to normal traffic. The way the video downloads is in sequence, and the packets are delivered sequentially in order to your computer. You can watch as it downloads, just as you can with P2PTV.

Advantages:

– Streaming media looks like normal Internet traffic, so if your ISP is shaping torrent traffic streaming media will still get through unhindered.

– Although it’s an old technology, it is being improved all the time.

Disadvantages:

– Because of the way streaming downloads, during peak times the picture can become jerky due to the speed of traffic.

The two main protocols for watching TV shows online both have their advantages and disadvantages. When choosing which way to go, take in to account your circumstances and how your ISP or college network operates, and you’ll be watching your favorite TV shows online without interference.

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Cash Advance Assistance To The Everyday Individual

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It is not necessarily unheard of for people to wind up looking for quick cash. Thanks to the fast loaning of cash advance loan providers, it is feasible to find the income as fast as within 24 hours. Below, you can find some tips that will help you find the pay day loan that fit your needs.

A single thing to consider to bear in mind about payday cash loans is the fascination it is often quite high. It will be a lot more than 2 occasions precisely what the financial loan was well worth. These loan providers get around interest rate boundaries by making use of loopholes.

Watch out for falling in a snare with payday cash loans. In theory, you would pay for the loan back 1 to 2 several weeks, then move on along with your daily life. The truth is, nonetheless, many individuals do not want to repay the money, along with the balance will keep moving to their after that salary, gathering big levels of fascination with the approach. In this case, many people go into the job where by they can never ever pay for to pay off the financing.

Make sure you know all the specifics of it. A lot of these sorts of firms are typically predatory creditors. These organizations understand that a large percentage of their customers already are having difficulties, and might be unable to fulfill all of the settlement terminology. In most cases, each and every assure or ensure manufactured by a payday financial institution is conditional.

Attempt taking out loans straight from lenders to get the lowest priced prices. You’ll pay more income when you handle an indirect loan provider simply because they’ll have a cut.

Perform some price comparisons when evaluating a pay day loan. Loan providers cost diverse charges and costs. You could locate a firm that appears like it’s offering you a fantastic package. Nonetheless, there may be another that offers an even better package. Don’t borrow anything until you’ve done thorough research.

Should you need a pay day loan, but use a bad credit record, you might want to think about a no-fax personal loan. This sort of financial loan can be like every other payday advance, except that you simply will not be asked to fax in every papers for endorsement. A loan where by no documents are involved implies no credit check out, and much better chances that you are accredited.

Will not use the services of a pay day loan firm unless you have fatigued all of your current other available choices. When you do remove the money, make sure you could have dollars accessible to pay back the loan after it is because of, or else you may end up paying very high interest and service fees.

Make certain you read the guidelines and relation to your payday loan carefully, in an attempt to stay away from any unsuspected surprises later on. You must be aware of the complete loan deal prior to signing it and obtain the loan. This will help make a better choice as to which bank loan you need to take.

Should you need a cash advance, but possess a bad credit record, you really should think about a no-fax bank loan. This sort of loan is the same as every other cash advance, except that you will not be required to fax in every papers for authorization. A loan where no paperwork come to mind signifies no credit history check, and much better odds that you will be authorized.

Paying down a payday advance immediately is usually the simplest way to go. Having to pay them back instantly is always the greatest thing to accomplish. Funding your loan by means of numerous extensions and paycheck cycles provides the monthly interest a chance to bloat the loan. This could quickly cost you several times the sum you lent.

Pay day loans are typically employed for sudden expenses, nonetheless, you may also cautiously use them to handle your hard earned money. Ensure you have got the additional expense of the money under consideration when preparing you budget to make certain stuff are likely to work in your prefer. You may be accountable for the fascination and the loan amount, but this can always be valuable. Just be certain to use your mind.

Payday loans might be a excellent back up strategy in case there is an economic crisis. It really is pertinent to get every one of the knowledge that one could. With these tips on hand, you will know what you should know.

Booming: Television News Channels in India

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News programmes have suddenly become hot property and are vying for attention with other popular programmes telecast in different channels. All major television broadcasters are including at least one news channel to their bouquet. The biggest headache for launching a satellite channel is programme software for round the clock. In this juncture, newsgathering is a major task for the 24-hour news channels. To cater this task, the emerging electronic channels have always made an attempt to cover all the incidents irrespective of position, location and time. These channels not only revolutionized the concept of news on Indian television but also changed the news formats. Before 1990s, Doordarshan had monopolized newscast on Indian television and also turned the news programs into a dowdy exercise. Now the private channels made the news an essential commodity like food, cloth and shelter. The strong point of all today’s news bulletins is their topicality, objectivity, glossy editing and high-quality visuals. News has traveled a long way from the DD era. From Local events to International events, breaking news to news analysis, television soap to page3 news, every happening comes under purview of news. In this article, we have covered some significant changes in news broadcasting in India before and after the Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India is undergoing significant changes in the current liberalized environment. To understand these changes, one needs to have some brief idea of the road covered by the television channels so far. The journey started as an experimental basis with a financial grant from UNESCO in 15th September 1959. The makeshift studio at Akashvani Bhavan in New Delhi was chosen for location of the experiment. The experiment started with one-hour program, broadcast twice a week, on community health, citizen rights, education and traffic sense etc. As far as news is concerned, it was launched exactly six years after the inception of television broadcasting. Daily one-hour program with a news bulletin was served to the Indian viewers. But one major drawback of television was that you could not enjoy the original colour of the objects because of black and white transmission. First multi-color programme was the Prime Minister’s address to the nation from Red Fort in Delhi on India’s 35th Independence Day. In the same day, DD National channel was launched. The aim of launching the National channel is nurturing national integration, and inculcating a sense of pride in Indians. Indian viewers also enjoyed the colored version of the Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their drawing room. The coverage of major events and different occasions lend a big hand behind the infiltration of television signals to the nook and corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government had taken all possible steps to expand the television broadcasting demographically and geographically. In 1983 television signals were available to just 28% of the population, this had doubled by the end of 1985 and by 1990 over 90% of the population had access to television signals. In 1984, DD Metro channel was added to provide an exclusive entertainment for the urban viewers. In the beginning, this channel was confined to metropolitan cities.

As a public broadcaster, Doordarshan presented the news in naturalized manner. All controversial issues were pushed under the carpet. The ruling government had a strong hold on the television broadcasting. Doordarshan news bulletins were unable to provide the international news to the national viewers. Objectivity had been the first casualty as news was invariably slanted to suit the party in power. The news was liberated from the confines of the DD newsroom and gained in objectivity and credibility when New Delhi Television (NDTV) produced ‘The World This Week’ in 1988. Everyone was waiting for the Friday night to watch ‘The World This Week’. This was the only India-based programme, which looked out at the rest of the world. The World This Week was the best current affairs programme on the international scenario and carried good stuff of news, which the regular DD news was failed to carry out. This program is ranked as one of the country’s finest and most popular television shows. In 1989, NDTV produces India’s first live televised coverage of the country’s general elections. The critical and commercial success of the coverage sets a new standard for Indian television. After the Gulf War the media panorama has changed forever.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Post-1990 satellite television in India has become transnational in nature. It coincided with the entry of multinational companies in the Indian markets under the Government policy of privatization. International satellite television was introduced in India by CNN through its coverage of the Gulf War in 1991. In August 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus, the first satellite channel beamed the signal to Indian subcontinent. Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It is India’s first privately owned Hindi channel to cater the interest of Indian viewers. This ignition followed by Sony and a little later by domestic channels such as Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment programs had begun to occupy center stage in the organization’s programming strategies and advertising had come to be main source of funding. Doordarshan’s earlier mandate to aid in the process of social and economic development had clearly been diluted. Doordarshan had faced a stiff competition in news and public affairs programming with international channels like BBC and CNN. Doordarshan planned to sell some slots for news programme under sponsored category. In February 1995, NDTV becomes the country’s first private producer of the national news ‘News Tonight’, which aired on the country’s government-owned Doordarshan set a new landmark for Indian television because of its on-the-spot reporting with pertinent visuals. In the same year, TV Today Network occupied a 20 minutes slot in DD Metro channel and aired a Hindi and current affairs programme ‘Aaj Tak’. This programme became popular for its comprehensive coverage and unique style presentation by Late S. P. Singh. Still we remembered the sign-up message “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. Large number of viewers across India had been watching Aaj Tak as a daily habit because of its innovative style of news presentation. Besides that Nalini Singh’s five-minute fast paced, condensed daily news capsule Ankhon Dekhi, TV Today Network’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack was aired on the Metro channel of Doordarshan. This is the period when satellite channels concentrated on entertainment programmes for their respective channels. Doordarshan was still ruled the most wanted area ‘news’.

Major Players

Doordarshan’s monopoly was broken in 1992, when private television channels infiltrated into the Indian boundaries and entertain the viewers as much as possible. In the beginning of 1990s, the private channels offered only entertainment programmes. The entertainment programs include family drama, comedy serials, children programmes, cartoons, movies, talk shows, recipe shows, musical concerts, non-fiction programmes etc. Private entertainment channels added some infortainment programmes to their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). Keeping the demand of infotainment programmes in mind, the media houses started to produce news magazines, entertainment magazines and news programmes for different channels. India’s premier business and consumer news broadcaster and a leading media content provider, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) started India’s first ever entertainment magazine ‘The India Show’ on Star Plus in 1993. This emerging media powerhouse provided prime time television content to almost all leading satellite channels in India including BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a weekly business news program India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers had very limited options (like public service broadcaster Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) for watching the television news. For televised news, the viewers had to watch Dordarshan and some international news channels like BBC or CNN. In this race to provide more news, more information, Zee Television jumped into the battlefield by launching the news channel Zee News in 1995. This News and current affairs channel revolutionized the way news was delivered to the viewers. Since its inception Zee News has endeavoured to be the fastest to provide news, working towards a single goal of Sabse Pahle (Always First). The other round-the-clock news channel, the Murdoch-owned Star TV beamed its exclusively 24-hour news channels, Star News in 1998. Star made a contract of five year with Prannoy Roy-owned NDTV (New Delhi Television Company) to provide news content for this news channel.

The untiring exhaustive coverage of the Kargil war between India and Pakistan gained more publicity and attracted more viewers towards the electronic channel. This televised conflict also sets a news benchmark for wartime journalism. During the Kargil war, common citizens witnessed how their brave Jawans fought despite in hostile conditions and watched the war front live by the exclusively news channels, Star-TV and Zee-News. The live coverage of the battlefield helped to create a euphoria of patriotism among the Indian masses, which later facilitated into collecting huge funds for the welfare of the families of Kargil martyrs. Every news programme draws the attention of large number of viewers but Kargil war attracts private broadcasters to invest more money in the broadcasting business by launching a news channel. In November 1999, TV18 entered into a 49:51 joint venture with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 is the sole program provider to CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local content per day on this 24-hour satellite channel.

After the huge success of news programme ‘Aaj Tak’, TV Today group launched a 24-hour Hindi news channel with the same name ‘Aaj Tak’, in December 2000, which covers India with insight, courage and plenty of local flavour. Within 11 months of its launch, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s number one news channel and was awarded Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. Some mega events apart from regular interesting items (such as Kandhahar hijack, September 11 attacks, Afghanistan war, attack on Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra carnage and riots) have driven up the viewership. As time passed, NDTV’s five years contract with Star group for outsourcing of news and related programming expired on March 2003. With the expiry NDTV forayed into broadcasting business by simultaneously launching two 24-hour news channels; NDTV 24X7 – English news channel and NDTV India – Hindi news channel, which targets the Indian diaspora across the world. News crazy Indians received more news at faster speed from different channels. Any unusual happening can be caught by the television camera anywhere form Rastrapati Bhawan to bedroom. The power of TV journalism was become more visible by the major sting operations like Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This style of investigative journalism has brought about a change in the way we look at news, amidst new notions of editorial freedom. The world’s largest family ‘Sahara India Parivar’ launched a 24-hour national Hindi news channel, Sahara Samay, in March 28, 2003. It is the first ever city-centric satellite news channels covering 31 cities in India with their own city news bulletins. Keeping the demand of news in mind, the Union cabinet approved the proposal to convert the DD Metro to DD news in a meeting held on 3 October 2003. Consequent to these decisions, DD-News channel was launched on 3 November 2003. You might have noticed that the news channels are language specific. But DD’s news channel contains the round the clock news bulletins in Hindi/ English are also telecast twice a day on the National Network of DD National.

‘Aap Ki Adalat’ fame Rajat Sharma, Sohaib Ilyasi, the man behind the highly successful ‘India’s Most Wanted’ and Taun Tejpal, editor-in-chief of Tehelka roped together and launched a free-to-air Hindi news and current affairs channel India TV on May 20, 2004. Indian viewers had more expectations from this channel. The much-awaited news channel hopes to set itself apart from the existing ones by setting new benchmarks of responsible journalism. Speaking on the occasion of the launch, Rajat Sharma, chairman, India TV, said, “We aim to change the way broadcast news reporting is being conducted in the country. India TV will set new benchmarks by maintaining international standards of responsible and credible news reporting. We will stay away from graphic depictions of violence and sensationalism of news. We will uphold the viewer’s right to correct information and their right to truth and verity. India TV is not just a news channel, it is a movement.” NDTV as a pioneer in Indian television news, set to create a fresh revolution in high-quality business news with the launch of NDTV Profit. NDTV launched this 24-hour business channel on January 17th, 2005.

There is no saturation point in launching of news channel, just booming like sky as the limit. Entertainment channel to infotainment channel, infotainment channel to news channel, news channels to business channel and Business channel to lots more. Now the satellite channels become more topicality with international standard. When we are talking about topicality, CNBC TV18, the only business channel, continues to be the medium of choice for India’s decision makers, affluent audiences across the country since 1999. It has set the pace for the growth in number of television channels by launching a 24-hour consumer channel in Hindi called ‘ Awaaz’. This news channel focusses on empowering consumers on decision-making related to investment, saving and spending. All the programmes are catering to consumers across different walks of life, which included personal finance; variety of markets including commodity, stocks, savings etc.; small businesses; education & career guidance; and verticals like health, shopping etc.

Another news channel was finally launched into the already cluttered news space in Indian television. Jagran TV Pvt Limited’s news channel, Channel 7 up-linked to the air on 27 March 2005. The channel has been set up to cater to the vast Hindi-speaking audiences, already being targeted by a slew of news channels. Channel 7 developed every programme with a bid to cater to all types of audiences and not just pre-dominantly male audiences who get attracted towards news channels.

Regional Leaders

To cater the interest among the Indians, Doordarshan televises programmes in Hindi and associate Official languages. It has launched a number of Regional Language Satellite Channels (DD – 4 to DD – 11 and DD – 13) and telecast programmes in Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Malayalam, Marathi, Kannada, Telugu, Kashmiri, Oriya and Tamil. The Regional channels relayed by all terrestrial transmitters in the state and additional programmes in the Regional Language in prime time and non-prime time available only through cable operators. The Doordarshan regional satellite channels telecast major news programme with some entertainment programmes.

If you think about the private regional channels, they have followed the path of the Big brother (i.e Doordarshan). They are neither completely entertainment channel nor exclusively news channel. They are following the middle path and claiming themselves an infotainment channels. The private channels televise through the state dominant languages. Rising advertising revenues and increasing numbers of viewers have provided the impetus for many big players to enter into the business. Some regional media leaders like ETV, Sun TV, Asianet have a strong grip over the regional market. Some major players tried their luck in different states. Zee television has three regional channels; Zee Marathi, Zee Punjabi and Zee Bangla. Star Network entered into Tamilnadu by launching Star Vijay, one of the most popular entertainment channels in India broadcasting in Tamil. Besides that ETV Network is a part of the well-established Ramoji Group, has created 12 dedicated infotainment regional channels. ETV network is the source of rich entertainment of eight different languages. Those are: Telugu, Bangla, Marathi, Kannada, Oriya, Gujarati, Urdu; and Hindi to viewers in Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh. Every ETV Network channel focuses exclusively on its audience’s unique cultural identity, its aspirations and its distinct socio-political character. Let us think about the south Indian language Telugu, there are around twelve satellite channels are roaming around the sky with different taste and different flavour. These channels include three news channels, one song-based channels and rest are infotainment channels. When we confine ourselves into news, three channels (ETV2, TV 9 and Teja News) exclusively devoted to news programmes.

Sahara India Pariwar is proud to have five news channels as the bouquet of Sahara Samay. These channels are: Sahara Samay NCR, Sahara Samay Mumbai, Sahara Samay Bihar & Jharkhand, Sahara Samay Madhya Pradesh & Chattisgarh, and Sahara Samay Uttar Pradesh & Uttranchal. Sahara Samay has already managed to gain a loyal audience in India through a bouquet of National & Regional News Channels since its launch. These channels are youthful and vibrant channels targeting students and women, besides that hardcore news stuff. The regional news channels covers the entire spectrum of genre with specific programs on lifestyle, fashion, food, shopping, health and fitness, sports, education, career and city issues, besides giving user-friendly information on traffic updates, city events, train and air timings, etc. Now national news channels cannot confine its boundary to national level. They cannot ignore the regional news because of the stiff competition form the regional cannels. Regional news channels are entering into the competition with a strong will power and also with an aim to portrait regional issues in national and international level.

Conclusion

Now the television industry becomes more specific. In this competitive market, channels are targeting specific viewers. News channels attract more viewers beyond their target by producing interactive and interesting programmes. Every channel needs to do an extensive research on different concepts and different themes to attract more viewers and in the same time more advertisers. After all, advertisements are the bread and butter for the channels. With increased consumer preference for news programmes, television news channels have grown faster than other niche channels. News channels are booming just like sky as the limit. Those days are not far away, when we will get satellite news channel for every major city in India. Staying in abroad, we can update ourselves about all the happening of our hometown. Now news is not restricted to political happenings. It will be extended its limit to every unwanted and hided corners of the society. At last we can reach in the conclusion that anything, which is strange or disgusting, is news. There are no rigid rules, which defines news.

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